Local Fish of the week: The Grouper

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Fresh Grouper Flavor Profile  

 

Fresh Grouper is a member of the serranidae family which also includes sea bass. 

Fresh Grouper is a lean, moist fish with a distinctive yet mild flavor, large flakes and a firm texture. The Red Grouper has a slightly sweeter, milder flavor than the Black Grouper and is considered to be the better of the two. Grouper’s flavor profile is like a cross between Bass and Halibut.

Cooking Methods

  • Bake
  • Broil
  • Deep-Fry
  • Grill
  • Steam

Alternate Names

Red Grouper, Black Grouper, Gag

Typical Wholesale Products

Grouper is wild-caught, usually by hook and line. It is available Whole, Dressed, H&G, Fillets, and Fingers.

Description (Epinephelus morio, Mycteroperca bonaci)

There are three different fish which are known as Grouper in the US market; the Red Grouper, (True) Black Grouper, and Gag which the market commonly calls Black Grouper. True Black Grouper is hard to come by. Both True Black Grouper and Gag have a higher yield and firmer texture than Red Grouper. Groupers in general have big heads, large mouths and heavy bodies. Red Grouper is most commonly found in the market place and average market size varies from 5 – 15 lbs for whole fish. Black Grouper and Gag range in market size from 15 – 20 lbs for whole fish.

 

 

 

Range & Habitat

Red & Black Grouper Range

Red, Black and Gag Grouper are the predominent Groupers sold to US markets and are found from the mid-Atlantic States down through the Gulf of Mexico and both coasts of South America.

There are other Groupers sold to other countries, or caught by sport fisherman, which are found in other regions worldwide.

Additional Culinary Notes

Groupers are a reef dwelling fish so there is the possibility of Ciguatera poisoning. Ciguatera is caused by eating certain reef fishes whose flesh is contaminated with toxins originally produced by dinoflagellates associated with red tide. Ciguatera cannot be destroyed by cooking. Check with your vendor to avoid fish harvested from known hot spots.

Sustainability Info

Name Catch Method Catch
Region
Seafood
Watch
Ocean
Wise
Sea
Choice
Mercury
Concerns
Black Grouper Wild, Bottom Longline US Gulf of Mexico Yellow-icon_20.png Red-Dot_20.png Yellow-icon_20.png elevated
US South Atlantic Yellow-icon_20.png Red-Dot_20.png Red-Dot_20.png  
Wild, Handline US Gulf of Mexico Yellow-icon_20.png Green-icon_20.png Yellow-icon_20.png n/a
US South Atlantic Yellow-icon_20.png Green-icon_20.png Red-Dot_20.png  
Gag Handline US Gulf of Mexico Yellow-icon_20.png Red-Dot_20.png Red-Dot_20.png elevated
Bottom Longline, Handline US South Atlantic Red-Dot_20.png Red-Dot_20.png Red-Dot_20.png  
Red Grouper Bottom Longline US Gulf of Mexico Yellow-icon_20.png Red-Dot_20.png Yellow-icon_20.png  
Handline US Gulf of Mexico,
US South Atlantic
Yellow-icon_20.png Red-Dot_20.png Red-Dot_20.png  
Snowy Bottom Longline, Handline US Gulf of Mexico,
US South Atlantic
Red-Dot_20.png Red-Dot_20.png Red-Dot_20.png  
Warsaw Bottom Longline, Handline US Gulf of Mexico Red-Dot_20.png Red-Dot_20.png Red-Dot_20.png  
Yellowedge Grouper Bottom Longline, Handline US Gulf of Mexico,
US South Atlantic
Red-Dot_20.png Red-Dot_20.png Red-Dot_20.png n/a
Hawaiian Grouper, Hapu’u Wild, Handline Hawaii Yellow-icon_20.png Green-icon_20.png Yellow-icon_20.png n/a
Disclaimer: The sustainability info above is accurate to the best of our knowledge. However, each program randomly updates their information without our knowledge. We therefore recommend that you verify the current accuracy of this information.
Green-icon_20.png = Best Choice/Recommended     Yellow-icon_20.png = Good Alternative     Red-Dot_20.png = Avoid/Not Recommended         Updated
April 2016 
 

 

   

Nutritional Information

based upon a 6 oz (171 grams) raw edible serving.

* Calories/Calories from fat 158
* Protein grams 33.3
* Fat grams 1.7
* Saturated fat grams .3
* Sodium milligrams 91
* Cholesterol milligrams 63
* Omega-3 grams  .5

Sautéed Black Grouper with Peach Relish

Ingredients

  • 4 (6-ounce) black grouper fillets
  • 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt, divided
  • 1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons canola oil
  • 1/3 cup thinly sliced radishes
  • 2 tablespoons chopped fresh chives
  • 2 ripe peaches, peeled and cut into 1/2-inch chunks
  • 1 serrano chile, thinly sliced
  • 2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
  • 1 tablespoon fresh lime juice
  • 2 teaspoons honey

Preparation

1. Heat a large skillet over medium-high heat. Sprinkle both sides of fish evenly with 1/4 teaspoon salt and pepper. Add canola oil to pan; swirl to coat. Add fish to pan; sauté 4 minutes or until golden. Turn fish over; sauté 2 minutes or until desired degree of doneness.

2. Combine radishes and next 3 ingredients (through serrano) in a medium bowl. Combine remaining 1/4 teaspoon salt, olive oil, juice, and honey in a small bowl, stirring with a whisk. Drizzle dressing over peach mixture; toss gently. Serve relish with fish.

Nutritional Information

Amount per serving

  • Calories 290
  • Fat 13.8 g
  • Satfat 1.7 g
  • Monofat 8.6 g
  • Polyfat 2.8 g
  • Protein 32 g
  • Carbohydrate 8 g
  • Fiber 1 g
  • Cholesterol 60 mg
  • Iron 2 mg
  • Sodium 312 mg
  • Calcium 35 mg